The Enantio: The Vine survived the phylloxera

The vine of Enantio has managed to overcome the infestation of the phylloxera, scourge that one hundred years ago destroyed most of Europe's vineyards.

It all starts in the mid-19th century.

Phylloxera vine is one of many pests pests that infest our plants like the moth, and red spider. This bug existed only in America, where a long coexistence had allowed to be selected lives and survive.There, in fact, the attacking insect only the leaves and not the roots.

When the transatlantic began to cross the ocean, in less than ten days, the phylloxera was able to land in Europe still alive.

Cantina Roeno

In the old continent the American aphid was not known, and found fertile ground to complete its development cycle. Starting from the roots of the vines, destroyed in a few years entire vineyards.

When the farmers realized the problem, it was too late.In Italy the insect arrived around 1879. In 1907 the disease was reported in large tracts of Valdadige valley. Since the beginning, the national governments started research and experiments to stop the scourge, with the Agricultural Institute of San Michele, in the Tyrol, who played a leading role.

The studies and research conducted throughout Europe, decreed that the only way to eradicate this serious problem was to eradicate existing and to plant new vines with American roots and European plug. The insect in fact, attacking the roots of European vitis vinifera, but not those of American vines, as rupestris and riparian.

Cantina Roeno

The only vineyards to escape, thus keeping the ungrafted, were those in Chile and a few others, planted on sandy soils, where the aphid as juveniles, can not move. These sandy soils, where the aphid has not caught on, exist in very few areas of Italy, one of these areas is located along one side of the river Adige.

From this originates The Enantio. A wine jewel, already known in Roman times. In one of the volumes of the "Naturalis Historia" by Plinio il Vecchio in the first century d.C, was described as a wild vine called "Oenanthium".

And it is from red grape, autochthonous, which comes one of our most iconic and authentic wines of the region.

See also Von Blumen, Fugatti family's vinery

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